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Chapter 5

Going Beyond Hydrogen: Non-hydrogen Fuels, Re-oxidation and Impurity Effects on Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells allow for relatively easy integration of fuel processing with existing hydrocarbon fuels. This opens the possibility that this technology could offer the bridge between the existing fuel supply structure and new energy frameworks based on alternative sources of fuel. Based on an extensive literature review, issues and possible solutions related to the use of complex fuels in SOFCs are discussed. The first part of this book chapter provides insight in the conversion of lighter hydrocarbons, as well as more complex higher hydrocarbons, and solid fuel sources such as coal. Then, the impact of many of the involved fuel contaminants on the fuel cell performance are discussed, and possible solutions are provided to improve the lifetime of the fuel cell. Finally, the use of other alternative fuels are discussed, i.e. ammonia and hydrogen sulphide.

Print publication date: 18 Oct 2010
Copyright year: 2011
Print ISBN: 978-1-84973-033-4
PDF eISBN: 978-1-84973-210-9
From the book series:
Energy and Environment Series