Conventional Fuel Sources
A petroleum refinery is a group of manufacturing plants which are used to separate petroleum into fractions and the subsequent treating of these fractions to yield marketable products, particularly fuels. The configuration of refineries may vary from refinery to refinery. Some refineries may be more oriented toward the production of gasoline (large reforming and/or catalytic cracking) whereas the configuration of other refineries may be more oriented towards the production of middle distillates such as jet fuel, and gas oil.
While petroleum and natural gas are conventional fuel sources,
This chapter presents an overview of petroleum refining in order for the reader to place each process in the correct context of the production of conventional fuels and to understand the process modifications that are often necessary to convert biomass to biofuels.