Introduction: Tackling Uncertainty in the Biobased Economy Through Science
Biobased products represent a great opportunity to reconcile sustainable long-term growth with environmental protection through the wise and forethoughtful use of renewable resources for industrial purposes. Managing those resources in a sustainable manner implies addressing major social, economic and environmental challenges and facing potential risks associated with direct and indirect land use change as well as competition with the food industry. The Horizon 2020 project STAR-ProBio addressed this very issue by promoting the development of sustainability schemes (including standards, labels and certifications) for the assessment of biobased products, which are considered fundamental to the establishment of a cutting-edge sustainable bioeconomy. This book builds on the work and results obtained in the STAR-ProBio journey, collecting six main chapters (plus an introductory and a concluding chapter), which cover a range of issues spanning from upstream and downstream environmental assessment, techno-economic assessment, social assessment, to crosscutting issues such as indirect land use change (iLUC) and end-of-life options.