For most of the history of scientific endeavour, science has been recorded on paper. In this digital era, however, there is increasing pressure to abandon paper in favour of the many benefits of digital tools. Despite the benefits, there are barriers to the adoption of such tools, not least their usability. As the relentless development of technology changes the way we work, we need to ensure that the design of technology not only overcomes these barriers, but facilitates us as scientists and supports better practice within science. This chapter provides a brief look at some of the issues in scientific record-keeping, the impact of technology on science, and the importance of ensuring the usable design of interfaces for capturing the scientific record. This chapter also provides an overview of the organisation of the chapters in the rest of the book, where we will investigate these topics in greater detail.