High Performance Flooring Materials from Recycled Rubber
Recycling is one of the best ways to make a positive impact on the world. In addition, recycling requires much less energy, minimizes the need for raw materials and reduces waste materials, therefore helping to preserve natural resources along with sustainable development. From the point of view of sustainable development, recycling is eco-friendly and economic. Due to rapid growth in the automobile industry the volume of scrap tyres in the world has increased. The increasing amount of scrap tyres causes many environmental problems due to the disposal methods used for worn-tyres, such as burning or piling up in landfills. Burning of the waste tyres releases toxic fumes which pollute the air and can contaminate soil and water. Utilizing the recycled rubber derived from scrap vehicle tyres in flooring materials represents an effective technique for using huge volumes of waste materials safely. Recently, the use of recycled rubber as a flooring material has been promoted due to the importance of water resistant floorings in kitchens, bathrooms, and laundry rooms, and also for eco-friendly floorings in playground surfacing or rubber crumb for athletic fields and in other applications. This chapter discusses the different processing techniques and the importance of using recycled rubber as a flooring material.