Polymerization in Ionic Liquids
The use of ionic liquids (ILs) as a medium for polymerization is a rapidly growing field. While much of the initial interest in this area was from a Green Chemistry perspective (using non-volatile ILs to replace polluting VOCs), a major impact on polymerization chemistry was quickly noted. Now, nearly all major types of polymerization have been reported in ILs. Advantages of conducting polymerization in ILs include increases in polymerization rate and molecular weight, diminished termination rates, facilitation of block copolymer synthesis, and advantageous bi-phasic polymerization systems allowing facile catalyst recovery and re-use. This chapter provides a review of the relevant literature in this rapidly growing area.