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Chapter 1

Introduction to the Application of Nitrides, Carbides, Phosphides and Amorphous Boron Alloys in Catalysis

The incorporation of C, N, P and B into transition metals, passivates metal surface reactivity, suggesting the possibility of new materials for catalysis with tunable activity. In this introductory chapter, an overview of the application of these new materials in catalysis is provided. Most applications have focused on reactions that are known to be catalysed by metals, including hydrogenations, hydrotreating reactions (C–N, C–S and C–O bond cleavage by hydrogen), reforming and synthesis gas conversion. Hydrotreating applications (S and N removal) are limited by instability issues, although hydrodeoxygenation and biofuels upgrading applications show promise because of the unique reaction pathways that occur on carbides and phosphides. Although activities and selectivities for synthesis gas conversion are promising, the interstitial compounds produce significant amounts of CH4. The materials show promise in applications of hydrogen production and storage and in several electrocatalytic processes, including water splitting.

Publication details

Print publication date
16 Jul 2018
Copyright year
2018
Print ISBN
978-1-78262-919-1
PDF eISBN
978-1-78801-322-2
ePub eISBN
978-1-78801-483-0

From the book series:
Catalysis Series