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Introduction to High-pressure Solvent Systems

Pressurised-solvent systems, including supercritical fluids, sub-critical fluids and gas-expanded liquids, are becoming ever-more important, especially with the growing legislation restricting the use of conventional organic solvents in industrial chemical processes, as well as the strict guidelines for minimal solvent residues in consumer products. The use of high-pressure systems enables the possibility to design clean, sustainable and environmentally friendly processes, as well as generate novel products with unique properties. The use of supercritical fluids and pressurised solvent systems is of global interest for use in extraction, reaction and materials processing. This chapter briefly introduces supercritical fluids, sub-critical fluids and pressurised solvents, as well as their physical and thermophysical properties.

Print publication date: 28 Aug 2018
Copyright year: 2018
Print ISBN: 978-1-78262-880-4
PDF eISBN: 978-1-78801-354-3
ePub eISBN: 978-1-78801-518-9
From the book series:
Green Chemistry Series