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CHAPTER 17

Phylomer Libraries: A Rich Source of Peptide Hits in Phenotypic and Target-Directed Screens

Phylomers are peptides derived from fragments of proteins encoded by biodiverse genomes. Phylomer libraries were devised as a strategy to enable screening of a diverse array of peptides representing sequences that form secondary and super-secondary structures within natural proteins, some of which have evolved to bind to protein interfaces. By screening biodiverse peptide libraries, we aim to overcome poor hit rates in phenotypic and target-directed screens of random peptide libraries, presumed to be due to the limited structural complexity that can be assumed by the random amino acid composition of these peptides. Consistent with this strategy, we present evidence that Phylomer libraries derived from biodiverse genomes do offer a rich source of high-quality hits in both target-directed and phenotypic screens. We present a bioinformatic analysis of Phylomer peptide libraries and empirical data from representative case studies of Phylomer library screens. Taken together, these data illustrate the utility of this alternative approach to identify peptide hits of high quantity and quality, both for therapeutic applications and as probes for target identification and validation.

Publication details


Print publication date
26 Jun 2017
Copyright year
2017
Print ISBN
978-1-78262-732-6
PDF eISBN
978-1-78801-153-2
ePub eISBN
978-1-78801-171-6
From the book series:
Drug Discovery