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Chapter 10

Engineering Enzymes for Natural Product Biosynthesis and Diversification

This chapter covers current approaches to engineering enzymes in natural product biosynthetic pathways. Focus is given to nonribosomal peptide synthetases and polyketide synthases, both of which are known for their assembly line like production of secondary metabolites. Progress towards piecing together new modular systems has the potential to create cellular manufactories with broad access to relevant chemical compounds not readily available by synthetic means due to their complex molecular scaffolds and unique chemical entities. Both in vivo and in vitro approaches are considered in this chapter with their distinct advantages and limitations in rationally designing mutant megasynthases to produce novel natural product derivatives. The concepts crucial for the success of existing engineered systems may be extended towards many different biosynthetic pathways. Additionally, this chapter covers the application of the directed evolution approach to rapidly evolve these megasynthases when rational models are insufficient for design.

Publication details

Print publication date
31 May 2018
Copyright year
Print ISBN
ePub eISBN
From the book series:
Catalysis Series