Electrosynthesized Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Chemosensing: Fundamentals and Applications
This chapter describes molecularly imprinted polymers prepared by electropolymerization (eMIPs) and their use in chemical sensing applications, with a special focus on electrochemical ones. A survey of the works published on the topic in the last five years is presented, after a general introduction on the fundamentals of chemical sensors, electropolymerization process and imprinting technology, describing also different types of electrochemical sensors based on eMIPs and relevant commonly used detection schemes. An overview of typical electroactive functional monomers used in the electrosynthesis of MIPs for chemosensor applications is reported, including a section dedicated to the latest achievements in the application of nanomaterials to the development of eMIP sensors. Strategies used for the determination of different analytes as well as efforts for enhancing the imprinting effect and sensing performances are presented and critically discussed.