Antireflection and Self-cleaning Coatings: Principle, Fabrication and Application
Recently, antireflective coatings (ARCs) with self-cleaning properties have attracted significant attention for both their fundamental aspects and wide practical applications. In the current chapter, the basic principles of antireflection and self-cleaning are briefly discussed first. Then, fabrication strategies with particular emphasis on silicon and silica substrates are reviewed in detail. Meanwhile, progress in self-cleaning ARCs over the last ten years is presented in detail. The applications of ARCs are discussed in terms of architectural glasses, solar collectors, photovoltaic modules, and display devices. Finally, current challenges faced in practical applications and the trend of future developments are presented and discussed to facilitate a universal understanding of ARCs and self-cleaning coatings.