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Chapter 5

Present and future prospects in heterogeneous catalysts for C1 chemistry

Widespread academic and industrial interest in upgrading C1 compounds, such as carbon dioxide and methane, to chemicals and fuels has spurred development on heterogeneous catalysts that efficiently activate these compounds from their thermodynamically stable ground states. Existing challenges persist in achieving both activity and selectivity of the various bond-breaking and bond-forming reactions. We highlight various successes in using metal nanoparticles, redox-active metal oxide supports, and zeolite catalysts in converting carbon dioxide and methane to value-added chemicals, such as methanol. We then present several recent advances in catalyst concepts – specifically, the use of ionic liquids and complex materials – and characterization tools that we anticipate will drive C1 process development over the next decade.

Publication details

Print publication date
19 Feb 2015
Copyright year
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ePub eISBN

From the book series:
SPR - Catalysis