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Chapter 8

The Role of Singlet Oxygen in Surface Water Photochemistry

Singlet oxygen, (1O2, 1Δg), is a selective oxidant produced in sunlit surface waters. It is an electrophile produced from the quenching of excited state triplet natural organic matter (3NOM) by dissolved oxygen and it reacts with electron-rich alkenes, sulfides, and phenols. The concentration of 1O2 is high near the NOM molecules that sensitize its production and significantly decreases moving away from the NOM source. This chapter discusses the formation, quenching, reactivity, and detection of 1O2 and includes examples of surface water contaminants that react with 1O2.

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20 Nov 2015
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ePub eISBN