Jump to main content
Jump to site search

All chapters
Previous chapter Next chapter

Chapter 3

Thermal Fluctuations in Non-equilibrium Steady States

This chapter deals with thermal fluctuations in fluids and fluid mixtures in non-equilibrium steady states without any macroscopic fluid motion. Thermal fluctuations in fluids in the presence of a temperature and/or concentration gradient exhibit a pronounced non-equilibrium enhancement and are long ranged extending over the entire system. As a consequence, non-equilibrium fluctuations are profoundly affected by gravity and by finite-size effects. In addition, they induce large non-equilibrium Casimir forces. These phenomena change the traditional picture of thermal fluctuations in fluids and fluid mixtures.

Publication details


Print publication date
16 Oct 2015
Copyright year
2016
Print ISBN
978-1-78262-024-2
PDF eISBN
978-1-78262-254-3
ePub eISBN
978-1-78262-736-4