Microfabrication Processes and Applications of Liquid Photosensitive Materials
This chapter comprehensively presents the various microfabrication schemes and applications that are largely based the photosensitive liquid materials over several decades. Nowadays, those types of photosensitivity-based materials are no doubt playing a significant role for precise fabrication of diverse components and devices at the micro- to nanometer scale. Herein the contents are systematically organized as below. First, the intimate fusion of liquid with light and its demands for development of multidisciplinary technologies are introduced in Section 6.1, subsequently followed by review of fundamental principles with characterization of materials, photoinduced polymerization and miniaturization of objects in Section 6.2. Furthermore, Section 6.3 concisely describes several developed schemes of microfabrication existing at present, such as photolithography, soft lithography, light stereolithography and inkjet printing, for implementation of photosensitive liquid materials. Section 6.4 illustrates a variety of industrial applications closely associated with those above schemes, which include microactuators, microsensors, microfluidic components, optical components, medical devices and other complex three-dimensional microsystems. These are promising to be further explored and developed in the 21st century. Finally, we summarize with conclusions and future outlook in Section 6.5.