Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance work on Wednesday 21st October 2020 from 07:00 AM to 07:00 PM (BST).

During this time our website performance may be temporarily affected. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.

All chapters
Previous chapter Next chapter


MOFs as Nano‐reactors

The use of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) as catalytic nanoreactors is thoroughly reviewed. Two approaches can be followed for the encapsulation of catalytically active species into the scaffold of a MOF: (i) ship in a bottle and (ii) bottle around a ship. In the first case, formation of metallic nanoparticles or metal oxides are among the most studied systems, and metal precursor impregnation followed by reduction/oxidation is the widely used synthetic strategy. Also worth mentioning are the few examples of enzyme encapsulation. On the other hand, bottle around a ship has been used when the active phase is added to the MOF synthesis and in situ encapsulated. The most studied example has been described for heteropolyacids, where templating effects have been discovered. The encapsulation of other macromolecules, such as porphyrins, illustrate the great opportunities that MOFs offer for direct encapsulation. The confinement of the active sites affects their catalytic behaviour when compared with their homogeneous counterparts, in most cases enhancing both conversion and selectivity to the desired products. In addition, confined active sites are protected from deactivation by leaching or aggregation, thus facilitating catalyst reusability.

Publication details

Print publication date
08 Jul 2013
Copyright year
Print ISBN
From the book series:
Catalysis Series