Polymerization of Phosphorus-Containing (Meth)acrylate Monomers
Phosphorus-based (meth)acrylates represent an important class of monomers which has been widely studied for over 20 years, as the corresponding polymers, bearing phosphonated ester, phosphonic acid, or phosphoric ester functions, exhibit interesting properties. Indeed, it has been shown that polymers containing phosphonic groups could be of particular use because of their fire proofing resistance or they could improve adhesive properties due to multiple attachment sites on metallic surfaces. They are also useful for anticorrosion and are used in the biomedical field for tissue engineering, in dental composites or adhesives, thanks to the phosphonic acid or phosphoric acid groups. Polymers were prepared by free radical polymerization, photopolymerization, or controlled radical polymerization. In the latter case, recent work showed that it was possible to achieve complex architectures, which will probably lead to further developments in the near future.