Therapeutic potency of fermented field water-dropwort (Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC.) in ethanol-induced liver injury†
Alcohol overconsumption and abuse leads to alcoholic liver disease (ALD), which is a major chronic liver disease worldwide. Field water-dropwort (Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC.) is a small perennial herb and has been cultivated in Asia for thousands of years and traditionally used to treat various diseases including hepatitis, jaundice, hypertension and polydipsia, as well as its therapeutic benefits have been recognized for centuries in Asia. Although several studies have reported that water-dropwort extracts have pharmacological effects on various diseases, the pharmacological ability of fermented field water-dropwort in ALD is not reported yet. Thus, we investigated the effect of fermented field water-dropwort extracts (FDE) on chronic plus binge ethanol-induced liver injury. C57BL/6 male mice (9 weeks old) were fed on a Lieber–DeCarli diet containing 6.6% ethanol for 10 days with parallel saline or FDE orally administered each day. Ethanol-induced hepatic triglyceride (TG) levels and the mRNA levels of TG synthesis-related genes such as sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1), acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) were decreased in the liver of mice with FDE administration. Moreover, FDE administered mice showed decreasing ethanol-induced oxidative stress such as increasing oxidised glutathione and lipid peroxidation in the liver. In primary hepatic cells, FDE treated cells exhibited decreased ethanol-induced lipid accumulation and the mRNA levels of TG synthesis-related genes, SREBP-1, ACC and FAS. In conclusions, FDE has the potential to be explored as a candidate treatment agent for ALD by inhibiting TG synthesis and blocking of oxidative stress.
- This article is part of the themed collection: RSC Advances HOT Article Collection