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Issue 3, 2020
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Therapeutic potency of fermented field water-dropwort (Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC.) in ethanol-induced liver injury

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Abstract

Alcohol overconsumption and abuse leads to alcoholic liver disease (ALD), which is a major chronic liver disease worldwide. Field water-dropwort (Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC.) is a small perennial herb and has been cultivated in Asia for thousands of years and traditionally used to treat various diseases including hepatitis, jaundice, hypertension and polydipsia, as well as its therapeutic benefits have been recognized for centuries in Asia. Although several studies have reported that water-dropwort extracts have pharmacological effects on various diseases, the pharmacological ability of fermented field water-dropwort in ALD is not reported yet. Thus, we investigated the effect of fermented field water-dropwort extracts (FDE) on chronic plus binge ethanol-induced liver injury. C57BL/6 male mice (9 weeks old) were fed on a Lieber–DeCarli diet containing 6.6% ethanol for 10 days with parallel saline or FDE orally administered each day. Ethanol-induced hepatic triglyceride (TG) levels and the mRNA levels of TG synthesis-related genes such as sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1), acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) were decreased in the liver of mice with FDE administration. Moreover, FDE administered mice showed decreasing ethanol-induced oxidative stress such as increasing oxidised glutathione and lipid peroxidation in the liver. In primary hepatic cells, FDE treated cells exhibited decreased ethanol-induced lipid accumulation and the mRNA levels of TG synthesis-related genes, SREBP-1, ACC and FAS. In conclusions, FDE has the potential to be explored as a candidate treatment agent for ALD by inhibiting TG synthesis and blocking of oxidative stress.

Graphical abstract: Therapeutic potency of fermented field water-dropwort (Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC.) in ethanol-induced liver injury

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
31 Oct 2019
Accepted
11 Dec 2019
First published
08 Jan 2020

This article is Open Access

RSC Adv., 2020,10, 1544-1551
Article type
Paper

Therapeutic potency of fermented field water-dropwort (Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC.) in ethanol-induced liver injury

D. H. Lee, J. S. Lee, I. H. Lee and J. T. Hong, RSC Adv., 2020, 10, 1544
DOI: 10.1039/C9RA08976D

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