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Issue 2, 2016

Recent progress of abrasion-resistant materials: learning from nature

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Abstract

Abrasion-resistant materials have attracted great attention for their broad applications in industry, biomedicine and military. However, the development of abrasion-resistant materials that have with unique features such as being lightweight and flexible remains a great challenge in order to satisfy unmet demands. The outstanding performance of natural abrasion-resistant materials motivates the development of new bio-inspired abrasion-resistant materials. This review summarizes the recent progress in the investigation of natural abrasion-resistant materials to explore their general design principles (i.e., the correlation between chemical components and structural features). Following natural design principles, several artificial abrasion-resistant materials have shown unique abrasion-resistant properties. The potential challenges in the future and possible solutions for designing bio-inspired abrasion-resistant materials are also briefly discussed.

Graphical abstract: Recent progress of abrasion-resistant materials: learning from nature

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Article information


Submitted
11 Jun 2015
First published
03 Sep 2015

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2016,45, 237-251
Article type
Tutorial Review
Author version available

Recent progress of abrasion-resistant materials: learning from nature

J. Meng, P. Zhang and S. Wang, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2016, 45, 237 DOI: 10.1039/C5CS00459D

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