Construction of phase-separated Co/MnO synergistic catalysts and integration onto sponge for rapid removal of multiple contaminants

Abstract

Wastewater treatment recycling is critical to ensure safe water supply or to overcome water shortage. Herein, we developed metallic Co integration onto MnO nanorods (MON) resulting in a phase-separated synergetic catalyst by creating more Mn(III) via the Jahn–Teller effect and oxygen vacancies and improving the redox capability of Co nanoparticles mediated by a thin carbon layer. Additionally, the N-doped surface carbon network on MON contributes to polar sites, facilitating the enrichment of contaminants around reactive sites, thereby shortening the migration of reactive oxidative species (ROS) toward contaminants. The optimized MnO@Co/C-600 exhibits superior PMS activation efficiency for bisphenol A degradation (0.463 min−1), displaying nearly a 20-fold enhancement in the rate constant compared to Mn3O4/C-600. Subsequent experiments involving variable modulation and extension were conducted to further elucidate the multiple synergistic effects. The mechanism study further confirms the synergy of ˙SO4, ˙OH, ˙O2, and 1O2, along with additional electron transfer pathways. The intermediates generated during degradation pathways and their toxicity to aquatic organisms were identified. Notably, a monolith integrated catalyst was explored by anchoring MnO@Co/C-600 onto a tailored melamine sponge based on Ca ion triggered crosslink tactic for the photothermal degradation of bisphenol A, tetracycline and norfloxacin, endowed with easy recovery and good stability. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the total organic carbon removal of multiple contaminants surpassed that of sole contaminants.

Graphical abstract: Construction of phase-separated Co/MnO synergistic catalysts and integration onto sponge for rapid removal of multiple contaminants

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
Communication
Submitted
13 Mar 2024
Accepted
08 Apr 2024
First published
22 Apr 2024

Mater. Horiz., 2024, Advance Article

Construction of phase-separated Co/MnO synergistic catalysts and integration onto sponge for rapid removal of multiple contaminants

M. Liu, W. Zhang, R. Ni, Z. Wang, H. Zhao, X. Zhong, Y. Wang, D. Shang, Z. Guo, E. H. Ang and F. Yang, Mater. Horiz., 2024, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D4MH00285G

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