Issue 6, 2024

Effect of substituents on the 1O2 production and biological activity of (N^N^N)Pt(py) complexes


Twelve (N^N^N)platinum pyridyl complexes, (N^N^N)Pt(pyF), were synthesised and investigated for their singlet oxygen generation and potential biological activities. They exhibited 1IL and 1MLCT absorption transitions at approximately 325 and 360 nm, identified through TD-DFT calculations. Luminescence was observed only in the L1-derived compounds in solution, with a dual emission with the main contribution of phosphorescence under deaerated conditions. Room temperature phosphorescence was detected in all solid-state cases. Electron-withdrawing substituents at specific positions (R1 and X) and the number of fluorine atoms in R2 were found to enhance the photosensitizing capabilities of these compounds. Biological assessments, including cytotoxicity and photocytotoxicity, were conducted to evaluate their potential as chemotherapeutic agents and photosensitizers. Complexes with chloro substitution in the N^N^N tridentate ligand of the central pyridine ring exhibited promising chemotherapeutic properties. Ancillary pyridine ring substitution became significant under irradiation conditions, with fluoromethylated substituents enhancing cytotoxicity. Complex 2-CF3 was the most efficient singlet oxygen producer and a highly effective photosensitizer. CHF2-substituted complexes also showed improved photosensitizing activity. DNA binding studies indicated moderate interactions with DNA, offering insights into potential biological applications.

Graphical abstract: Effect of substituents on the 1O2 production and biological activity of (N^N^N)Pt(py) complexes

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Article information

Article type
04 Dec 2023
16 Dec 2023
First published
18 Dec 2023
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Dalton Trans., 2024,53, 2475-2486

Effect of substituents on the 1O2 production and biological activity of (N^N^N)Pt(py) complexes

G. Romo-Islas, M. Gil-Moles, A. Saxena, A. Frontera, M. C. Gimeno and L. Rodríguez, Dalton Trans., 2024, 53, 2475 DOI: 10.1039/D3DT04050J

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