Potential and performance of anisotropic 19F NMR for the enantiomeric analysis of fluorinated chiral active pharmaceutical ingredients

Abstract

Controlling the enantiomeric purity of chiral drugs is of paramount importance in pharmaceutical chemistry. Isotropic 1H NMR spectroscopy involving chiral agents is a widely used method for discriminating enantiomers and quantifying their relative proportions. However, the relatively weak spectral separation of enantiomers (1H Δδiso(R, S)) in frequency units at low and moderate magnetic fields, as well as the lack of versatility of a majority of those agents with respect to different chemical functions, may limit the general use of this approach. In this article, we investigate the analytical potential of 19F NMR in anisotropic chiral media for the enantiomeric analysis of fluorinated active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) via two residual anisotropic NMR interactions: the chemical shift anisotropy (19F-RCSA) and dipolar coupling ((19F–19F)-RDC). Lyotropic chiral liquid crystals (CLC) based on poly-γ-benzyl-L-glutamate (PBLG) show an interesting versatility and adaptability to enantiodiscrimination as illustrated for two chiral drugs, Flurbiprofen® (FLU) and Efavirenz® (EFA), which have very different chemical functions. The approach has been tested on a routine 300 MHz NMR spectrometer equipped with a standard probe (5 mm BBFO probe) in a high-throughput context (i.e., ≈10 s of NMR experiments) while the performance for enantiomeric excess (ee) measurement is evaluated in terms of trueness and precision. The limits of detection (LOD) determined were 0.17 and 0.16 μmol ml−1 for FLU and EFA, respectively, allow working in dilute conditions even with such a short experimental duration. The enantiodiscrimination capabilities are also discussed with respect to experimental features such as CLC composition and temperature.

Graphical abstract: Potential and performance of anisotropic 19F NMR for the enantiomeric analysis of fluorinated chiral active pharmaceutical ingredients

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
Paper
Submitted
12 Feb 2024
Accepted
16 Apr 2024
First published
17 Apr 2024
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Analyst, 2024, Advance Article

Potential and performance of anisotropic 19F NMR for the enantiomeric analysis of fluorinated chiral active pharmaceutical ingredients

B. Gouilleux, F. Moussallieh and P. Lesot, Analyst, 2024, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D4AN00237G

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