Issue 25, 2023

Solvent mixtures for improved electron transfer kinetics of titanium-doped polyoxovanadate-alkoxide clusters

Abstract

Emergent, flowable electrochemical energy storage technologies suitable for grid-scale applications are often limited by sluggish electron transfer kinetics that impede overall energy conversion efficiencies. To improve our understanding of these kinetic limitations in heterometallic charge carriers, we study the role of solvent in influencing the rates of heterogeneous electron transfer, demonstrating its impact on the kinetics of di-titanium substituted polyoxovanadate-alkoxide cluster, [Ti2V4O5(OMe)14]. Our studies also illustrate that the one electron reduction and oxidation processes exhibit characteristically different rates, suggesting that different mechanisms of electron transfer are operative. We report that a 1 : 4 v/v mixture of propylene carbonate and acetonitrile can lead to a three-fold increase in the rate of electron transfer for one electron oxidation, and a two-fold increase in the one electron reduction process as compared to pure acetonitrile. We attribute this behavior to solvent–solvent interactions that lead to a deviation from ideal solution behavior. Coulombic efficiencies ≥90% are maintained in MeCN–PC mixtures over 20 charge/discharge cycles, greater than the efficiencies that are obtained for individual solvents. The results provide insight into the role of solvent in improving the rate of charge transfer and paves a way to systematically tune solvent composition to yield faster electron transfer kinetics.

Graphical abstract: Solvent mixtures for improved electron transfer kinetics of titanium-doped polyoxovanadate-alkoxide clusters

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
Paper
Submitted
24 Feb 2023
Accepted
29 May 2023
First published
02 Jun 2023

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2023,11, 13729-13741

Solvent mixtures for improved electron transfer kinetics of titanium-doped polyoxovanadate-alkoxide clusters

M. Dagar, M. Corr, T. R. Cook, J. R. McKone and E. M. Matson, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2023, 11, 13729 DOI: 10.1039/D3TA01179H

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