Inkjet-printed 3D micro-ring-electrode arrays for amperometric nanoparticle detection†
Chip-based impact electrochemistry can provide means to measure nanoparticles in solution by sensing their stochastic collisions on appropriately-polarized microelectrodes. However, a planar microelectrode array design still restricts the particle detection to the chip surface and does not allow detection in 3D environments. In this work, we report a fast fabrication process for 3D microelectrode arrays by combining ink-jet printing with laser-patterning. To this end, we printed 3D pillars from polyacrylate ink as a scaffold. Then, the metal structures are manufactured via sputtering and laser-ablation. Finally, the chip is passivated with a parylene-C layer and the electrode tips are created via laser-ablation in a vertical alignment. As a proof of principle, we employ our 3D micro-ring-electrode arrays for single impact recordings from silver nanoparticles.
- This article is part of the themed collection: U.S National Nanotechnology Day 2023