Issue 9, 2023

Exploring anodes for calcium-ion batteries


Calcium ion batteries have been increasingly explored as an alternative energy storage system as industry begins to manoeuvre towards an age of ‘Beyond lithium-ion’ research and development. However, using calcium metal as the battery's anode presents a multitude of issues, including the inability to strip ions off the metal, and the creation of an inactive passivation layer. Most research conducted around calcium ion batteries focuses on the electrolytic and cathodic study, whereas little focuses on the anode, due in part to the complexity and difficulty in resolving its challenges. Herein, this review will address the issues calcium has, including its lack of reversibility and solid electrolyte interface formation, as well as explore the alternative anode materials that have been utilised, noting their viability and future prospects.

Graphical abstract: Exploring anodes for calcium-ion batteries

Article information

Article type
Review Article
14 Nov 2022
08 Mar 2023
First published
08 Mar 2023
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Mater. Adv., 2023,4, 2028-2041

Exploring anodes for calcium-ion batteries

H. R. Tinker, C. A. Howard, M. Zhou and Y. Xu, Mater. Adv., 2023, 4, 2028 DOI: 10.1039/D2MA01034H

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