Issue 6, 2023

Typing of acute leukemia by intelligent optical time-stretch imaging flow cytometry on a chip

Abstract

Acute leukemia (AL) is one of the top life-threatening diseases. Accurate typing of AL can significantly improve its prognosis. However, conventional methods for AL typing often require cell staining, which is time-consuming and labor-intensive. Furthermore, their performance is highly limited by the specificity and availability of fluorescent labels, which can hardly meet the requirements of AL typing in clinical settings. Here, we demonstrate AL typing by intelligent optical time-stretch (OTS) imaging flow cytometry on a microfluidic chip. Specifically, we employ OTS microscopy to capture the images of cells in clinical bone marrow samples with a spatial resolution of 780 nm at a high flowing speed of 1 m sāˆ’1 in a label-free manner. Then, to show the clinical utility of our method for which the features of clinical samples are diverse, we design and construct a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) to analyze the cellular images and determine the AL type of each sample. We measure 30 clinical samples composed of 7 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) samples, 17 acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) samples, and 6 samples from healthy donors, resulting in a total of 227ā€†620 images acquired. Results show that our method can distinguish ALL and AML with an accuracy of 95.03%, which, to the best of our knowledge, is a record in label-free AL typing. In addition to AL typing, we believe that the high throughput, high accuracy, and label-free operation of our method make it a potential solution for cell analysis in scientific research and clinical settings.

Graphical abstract: Typing of acute leukemia by intelligent optical time-stretch imaging flow cytometry on a chip

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
Paper
Submitted
11 Nov 2022
Accepted
16 Jan 2023
First published
09 Feb 2023

Lab Chip, 2023,23, 1703-1712

Typing of acute leukemia by intelligent optical time-stretch imaging flow cytometry on a chip

Y. Weng, H. Shen, L. Mei, L. Liu, Y. Yao, R. Li, S. Wei, R. Yan, X. Ruan, D. Wang, Y. Wei, Y. Deng, Y. Zhou, T. Xiao, K. Goda, S. Liu, F. Zhou and C. Lei, Lab Chip, 2023, 23, 1703 DOI: 10.1039/D2LC01048H

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