Issue 6, 2023

Organometallic chemistry confined within a porphyrin-like framework


The world of modified porphyrins changed forever when an N-confused porphyrin (NCP), a porphyrin isomer, was first published in 1994. The replacement of one inner nitrogen with a carbon atom revolutionised the chemistry that one is able to perform within the coordination cavity. One could explore new pathways in the organometallic chemistry of porphyrins by forcing a carbon fragment from the ring or an inner substituent to sit close to an inserted metal ion. Since the NCP discovery, a series of modifications became available to tune the coordination properties of the cavity, introducing a fascinating realm of carbaporphyrins. The review surveys all possible carbatetraphyrins( and their spectacular coordination and organometallic chemistry.

Graphical abstract: Organometallic chemistry confined within a porphyrin-like framework

Article information

Article type
Review Article
14 Sep 2022
First published
28 Feb 2023
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2023,52, 2082-2144

Organometallic chemistry confined within a porphyrin-like framework

M. J. Białek, K. Hurej, H. Furuta and L. Latos-Grażyński, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2023, 52, 2082 DOI: 10.1039/D2CS00784C

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