Issue 3, 2023

Noncancerous disease-targeting AIEgens


Noncancerous diseases include a wide plethora of medical conditions beyond cancer and are a major cause of mortality around the world. Despite progresses in clinical research, many puzzles about these diseases remain unanswered, and new therapies are continuously being sought. The evolution of bio-nanomedicine has enabled huge advancements in biosensing, diagnosis, bioimaging, and therapeutics. The recent development of aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgens) has provided an impetus to the field of molecular bionanomaterials. Following aggregation, AIEgens show strong emission, overcoming the problems associated with the aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) effect. They also have other unique properties, including low background interferences, high signal-to-noise ratios, photostability, and excellent biocompatibility, along with activatable aggregation-enhanced theranostic effects, which help them achieve excellent therapeutic effects as an one-for-all multimodal theranostic platform. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the overall progresses in AIEgen-based nanoplatforms for the detection, diagnosis, bioimaging, and bioimaging-guided treatment of noncancerous diseases. In addition, it details future perspectives and the potential clinical applications of these AIEgens in noncancerous diseases are also proposed. This review hopes to motivate further interest in this topic and promote ideation for the further exploration of more advanced AIEgens in a broad range of biomedical and clinical applications in patients with noncancerous diseases.

Graphical abstract: Noncancerous disease-targeting AIEgens

Article information

Article type
Review Article
21 Oct 2022
First published
05 Jan 2023
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY-NC license

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2023,52, 1024-1067

Noncancerous disease-targeting AIEgens

Y. Duo, G. Luo, W. Zhang, R. Wang, G. G. Xiao, Z. Li, X. Li, M. Chen, J. Yoon and B. Z. Tang, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2023, 52, 1024 DOI: 10.1039/D2CS00610C

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