Nanoscale domain imaging of Li-rich disordered rocksalt-type cathode materials with X-ray spectroscopic ptychography†
Lithium-rich disordered rocksalt-type cathode materials are promising for high-capacity and high-power lithium-ion batteries. Many of them are synthesized by mechanical milling and may have heterogeneous structures and chemical states at the nanoscale. In this study, we performed X-ray spectroscopic ptychography measurements of Li-rich disordered rocksalt-type oxide particles synthesized by mechanical milling before and after delithiation reaction at the vanadium K absorption edge, and visualized their structures and chemical state with a spatial resolution of ∼100 nm. We classified multiple domains with different chemical states via clustering analysis. A comparison of the domain distribution trends of the particles before and after the delithiation reaction revealed the presence of domains, suggesting that the delithiation reaction was suppressed.