A chemical probe for proteomic analysis and visualization of intracellular localization of lysine-succinylated proteins†
Protein acylation is a vital post-translational modification that regulates various protein functions. In particular, protein succinylation has attracted significant attention because of its potential relationship with various biological events and diseases. In this report, we establish a new method for the comprehensive detection and analysis of potentially succinylated proteins using a chemical tagging technology. The newly synthesized alkyne-containing succinyl substrate successfully labeled lysine residues of proteins through intracellular metabolic labeling independent of other acylation pathways such as protein malonylation. Furthermore, reporter molecules such as biotin moieties and fluorescent dyes were conjugated to alkyne-tagged succinylated proteins via Click reactions, permitting enrichment for proteomic analysis and fluorescence imaging of the labeled proteins. We successfully analyzed and identified numerous potential succinylated proteins associated with various biological processes using gel electrophoresis, proteomic and bioinformatic analyses, and their visualization in cells.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Analyst HOT Articles 2023