Recent advances in biomaterial-assisted cell therapy
With the outstanding achievement of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy in the clinic, cell-based medicines have attracted considerable attention for biomedical applications and thus generated encouraging progress. As the basic construction unit of organisms, cells harbor low immunogenicity, desirable compatibility, and a strong capability of crossing various biological barriers. However, there is still a long way to go to fix significant bottlenecks for their clinical translation, such as facile preparation, strict stability requirements, scale-up manufacturing, off-target toxicity, and affordability. The rapid development of biotechnology and engineering approaches in materials sciences has provided an ideal platform to assist cell-based therapeutics for wide application in disease treatments by overcoming these issues. Herein, we survey the most recent advances of various cells as bioactive ingredients and outline the roles of biomaterials in developing cell-based therapeutics. Besides, a perspective of cell therapies is offered with a particular focus on biomaterial-involved development of cell-based biopharmaceuticals.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Journal of Materials Chemistry B Recent Review Articles and Journal of Materials Chemistry B Emerging Investigators