Active nanomotors surpass passive nanomedicines: current progress and challenges
Artificial nanomotors show advantages over traditional nanomedicines in biomedical applications due to their active locomotion by converting various energy sources into mechanical force in situ. Currently, nanomotors are attracting wide attention in diagnosis and therapy towards clinical applications. In this perspective, we summarize recent developments of nanomotors in biomedical applications, including targeted drug delivery, biological barrier penetration, and diagnostics and cancer treatment. The development of nanomotors in biomedicine still faces considerable challenges and practical difficulties towards clinical use, which are discussed in detail. Finally, we propose potential solutions that may help the development of nanomotors towards advanced diagnostics and therapy.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Journal of Materials Chemistry B Recent Review Articles and Journal of Materials Chemistry B Emerging Investigators