Recent advances of cancer chemodynamic therapy based on Fenton/Fenton-like chemistry
Applying Fenton chemistry in the tumor microenvironment (TME) for cancer therapy is the most significant feature of chemodynamic therapy (CDT). Owing to the mild acid and overexpressed H2O2 in TME, more cytotoxic hydroxyl radicals (˙OH) are generated in tumor cells via Fenton and Fenton-like reactions. Without external stimulus and drug resistance generation, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated CDT exhibits a specific and desirable anticancer effect and has been seen as a promising strategy for cancer therapy. However, optimizing the treatment efficiency of CDT in TME is still challenging because of the limited catalytic efficiency of CDT agents and the strong cancer antioxidant capacity in TME. Hence, scientists are trying their best to design and fabricate many more CDT agents with excellent catalytic activity and remodeling TME for optimal CDT. In this perspective, the latest progress of CDT is discussed, with some representative examples presented. Consequently, promising strategies for further optimizing the efficiency of CDT guided by Fenton chemistry are provided. Most importantly, several feasible ways of developing CDT in the future are offered for reference.