Improvements in photoelectric performance of dye-sensitised solar cells using ionic liquid-modified TiO2 electrodes†
One of the major problems in dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSCs) is the aggregation of dyes on TiO2 electrodes, which leads to undesirable electron transfer. Various anti-aggregation agents, such as deoxycholic acid, have been proposed and applied to prevent dye aggregation on the electrodes. In this study, we designed and synthesised a phosphonium-type ionic liquid that can be modified on the TiO2 electrode surface and used as a new anti-aggregation agent. Although the modification of the ionic liquid onto the electrode reduced the amount of dye adsorbed on the electrode, it showed a significant anti-aggregation effect, thereby improving the photovoltaic performance of DSSCs with N3 and J13 dyes. This finding suggests that ionic liquids are effective as anti-aggregation agents for DSSCs.