Electrode materials for stretchable triboelectric nanogenerator in wearable electronics
Stretchable Triboelectric Nanogenerators (TENGs) for wearable electronics are in significant demand in the area of self-powered energy harvesting and storage devices. Designing a suitable electrode is one of the major challenges in developing a fully wearable TENG device and requires research aimed at exploring new materials and methods to develop stretchable electrodes. This review article is dedicated to presenting recent developments in exploring new materials for flexible TENGs with special emphasis on electrode components for wearable devices. In addition, materials that can potentially deliver properties such as transparency, self-healability and water-resistance are also reviewed. Inherently stretchable materials and a combination of soft and rigid materials including polymers and their composites, inorganic and ceramic materials, 2D materials and carbonaceous nanomaterials are also addressed. Additionally, various fabrication strategies and geometrical patterning techniques employed for designing highly stretchable electrodes for wearable TENG devices are also explored. The challenges reflected in the present approaches as well as feasible suggestions for future advancements are discussed.