Spatially-directed magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers with good anti-interference for simultaneous enrichment and detection of dual disease-related bio-indicators†
As the changes of biomarkers directly reflect the occurrence of degenerative diseases, accurate detection of biomarkers is of great significance for disease diagnosis and control. However, single index detection has high uncertainties to accurately reflect the pathological characteristics because of the complexity of the human internal environment and the extremely trace concentration of indicators. To this end, a method for simultaneous detection of dual-biomarkers based on anti-interference magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers (D-mag-MIPs) is thereby proposed, and successfully applied in human urine analysis for the detection of Parkinson's disease bio-indicators 4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and dopamine (DA). In this work, carboxyl functionalized ferric oxide served as a magnetic core, laying a solid foundation for batch detection. Hyperbranched polyethylenimine, whose abundant amino groups can provide multiple interaction forces to templates with high affinity, is employed as a functional monomer. Relative to single-template MIPs, D-mag-MIPs achieve the detection of dual bio-indicators in a one-time test, reducing the false positive result probability and enhancing the detection accuracy. The proposed methodology has been evaluated to exhibit good anti-interference, satisfactory precision, low detection limits, wide linear ranges and fast batch detection for DA and DOPAC. This work thus offers an alternative and efficient pathway for convenient batch detection of dual bio-indicators from biofluids at once.