Periodically nanoporous hydrogen-bonded organic frameworks for high performance photocatalysis†
The development of highly catalytic hydrogen-bonded organic frameworks (HOFs) is of great importance, but remains challenging. Herein, we demonstrate the fabrication of a periodically nanoporous HOF for high performance photocatalysis. Compared with the conventional microporous HOFs, the nanoporous HOF architecture has a larger number of free carboxyl groups on the surface and presents greatly improved photoelectrochemical properties. It exhibits high catalytic activity for the photo-oxidative coupling of amines under mild conditions such as air atmosphere and room temperature and without any co-catalysts, sacrificial reagents or photosensitizers. The relationship between the structure, properties and catalytic performance of the nanoporous HOF was studied by experimental and theoretical investigations. It shows that such a HOF structure facilitates reactant adsorption and O2 dissociation, thus promoting the oxidative coupling reaction. This work provides a new way for improving the catalytic performance of a single HOF.