Issue 22, 2022

Selected machine learning of HOMO–LUMO gaps with improved data-efficiency


Despite their relevance for organic electronics, quantum machine learning (QML) models of molecular electronic properties, such as HOMO–LUMO-gaps, often struggle to achieve satisfying data-efficiency as measured by decreasing prediction errors for increasing training set sizes. We demonstrate that partitioning training sets into different chemical classes prior to training results in independently trained QML models with overall reduced training data needs. For organic molecules drawn from previously published QM7 and QM9-data-sets we have identified and exploited three relevant classes corresponding to compounds containing either aromatic rings and carbonyl groups, or single unsaturated bonds, or saturated bonds The selected QML models of band-gaps (considered at GW and hybrid DFT levels of theory) reach mean absolute prediction errors of ∼0.1 eV for up to an order of magnitude fewer training molecules than for QML models trained on randomly selected molecules. Comparison to Δ-QML models of band-gaps indicates that selected QML exhibit superior data-efficiency. Our findings suggest that selected QML, e.g. based on simple classifications prior to training, could help to successfully tackle challenging quantum property screening tasks of large libraries with high fidelity and low computational burden.

Graphical abstract: Selected machine learning of HOMO–LUMO gaps with improved data-efficiency

Article information

Article type
27 Jun 2022
12 Sep 2022
First published
20 Sep 2022
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Mater. Adv., 2022,3, 8306-8316

Selected machine learning of HOMO–LUMO gaps with improved data-efficiency

B. Mazouin, A. A. Schöpfer and O. A. von Lilienfeld, Mater. Adv., 2022, 3, 8306 DOI: 10.1039/D2MA00742H

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