A water soluble extract of radish greens ameliorates high fat diet-induced obesity in mice and inhibits adipogenesis in preadipocytes†
Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) is a rich source of nutrients and its greens have reported functionalities. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a water-soluble extract from radish greens (WERG) on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and high-fat diet-induced obesity in model mice. We also quantified the phytochemical composition of WERG such as glucoraphenin and ferulic acid. These findings show that treatment with 100 μg mL−1 WERG reduced lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, whereas in mice, the administration of 100 mg kg−1 WERG reduced weight gain and hepatic lipid accumulation and improved the levels of serum lipid biomarkers. Furthermore, WERG treatment improved intestinal permeability and suppressed the activities of harmful intestinal enzymes in feces, thus improving gut health. It also inhibited metabolic endotoxemia and inflammatory marker levels in serum. Moreover, WERG reduced the expression of lipid-metabolism-related proteins in the liver and white adipose tissue. Collectively, these results indicate that WERG may potentiate the anti-obesity effect by improving gut health and regulating lipid metabolism.