Real-time personalized health status prediction of lithium-ion batteries using deep transfer learning†
Real-time and personalized lithium-ion battery health management is conducive to safety improvement for end-users. However, personalized prognostic of the battery health status is still challenging due to diverse usage interests, dynamic operational patterns and limited historical data. We generate a comprehensive dataset consisting of 77 commercial cells (77 discharge protocols) with over 140 000 charge–discharge cycles—the largest dataset to our knowledge of its kind, and develop a transfer learning framework to realize real-time personalized health status prediction for unseen battery discharge protocols, at any charge–discharge cycle. Our method can achieve mean testing errors of 0.176% and 8.72% for capacity estimation and remaining useful life (RUL) prediction, respectively. Additionally, the proposed framework can leverage the knowledge from two other well-known battery datasets, with a variety of charge configurations and a different battery chemistry respectively, to reliably estimate the capacity (0.328%/0.193%) and predict the RUL (9.80%/9.90%) of our cells. This study allows end users to tailor battery consumption plans and motivates manufacturers to improve battery designs.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles