Amine-substituent induced highly selective and rapid “turn-on” detection of carcinogenic 1,4-dioxane from purely aqueous and vapour phase with novel post-synthetically modified d10-MOFs†
Herein, an amine decorated Cd(II) metal–organic framework (MOF) with a uninodal 6-c topology was synthesized as a suitable platform for facile post-synthetic modification (PSM). The as-synthesized parent d10-MOF (1) with free –NH2 centers, when functionalized with two different carbonyl substituents (1-naphthaldehyde and benzophenone) of varying conjugation, produces two novel luminescent MOFs (LMOFs) viz.PSM-1 and PSM-2. The judicious incorporation of carbonyl substituents into the skeleton of 1 was rationalized via ESI-MS, 1H-NMR, FT-IR and PXRD analyses. Interestingly, both PSM-1 and PSM-2 show ‘turn-on’ luminescent behaviour in the presence of 1,4-dioxane with the limit of detection (LOD) as 1.079 ppm and 2.487 ppm, respectively, with prompt response time (∼55 s & ∼58 s, respectively). The inhibition of PET is comprehended to be the prime reason for luminescence enhancement upon interaction with the targeted analyte which was further validated from DFT calculations. In continuation, the PSM-MOFs were equally responsive towards 1,4-dioxane in several complex environmental matrices and cosmetic products. Additionally, vapor phase detection of 1,4-dioxane using PSM-MOFs has also been demonstrated as an additional advantage ensuring propagation of future research endeavour.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Spotlight Collection: MOF Sensors