Issue 12, 2022

In situ DRIFT studies on N2O formation over Cu-functionalized zeolites during ammonia-SCR


The influence of the zeolite framework structure on the formation of N2O during ammonia-SCR of NOx was studied for three different copper-functionalized zeolite samples, namely Cu-SSZ-13 (CHA), Cu-ZSM-5 (MFI), and Cu-BEA (BEA). The evolution of surface species during the SCR reaction at different temperatures was monitored with step-response experiments using in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) at different reaction conditions. Also, density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to assist the interpretation of the experimental results. The DRIFTS results indicate that NO+ and nitrate species are the main products formed during NO oxidation, and NO appears to adsorb on both Cu-Lewis and Al-Lewis acid sites. The DFT calculations for NO adsorption on the SSZ-13 sample reveal adsorption at Brønsted acid sites with similar adsorption energies but with a slight difference in NO+ stretching vibrations in the DRIFT spectra. Within the standard SCR reaction, in the O–H stretching region, the number of NH3 molecules adsorbed on the Brønsted acid sites is higher for the small-pore size sample compared to the medium- and large-pore zeolites. The obtained DRIFTS results for nitrate species are supported by DFT calculations by simulating the IR spectra of mobile and framework bound nitrate species, which both have a signature at 1604 cm−1 associated with the O–N bond on NO3. It is revealed that N2O is produced in a higher amount at lower temperatures for all three samples irrespective of the NO/NO2 ratio. Furthermore, the obtained results from both DRIFTS studies and flow reactor experiments show the higher formation of N2O for the large-pore zeolite compared to the medium- and small-pore zeolite.

Graphical abstract: In situ DRIFT studies on N2O formation over Cu-functionalized zeolites during ammonia-SCR

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
04 Feb 2022
03 May 2022
First published
03 May 2022
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Catal. Sci. Technol., 2022,12, 3921-3936

In situ DRIFT studies on N2O formation over Cu-functionalized zeolites during ammonia-SCR

G. Isapour, A. Wang, J. Han, Y. Feng, H. Grönbeck, D. Creaser, L. Olsson, M. Skoglundh and H. Härelind, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2022, 12, 3921 DOI: 10.1039/D2CY00247G

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