Colloidal synthesis of AgGa(S1−xSex)2 solid solution nanocrystals with composition-dependent crystal phase for efficient photocatalytic degradation of methyl violet†
A series of homogeneous AgGa(S1−xSex)2 solid solution nanocrystals with controllable composition (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) have been successfully prepared through a facile colloidal synthesis approach. Remarkably, they exhibit an evident crystal phase transformation from orthorhombic to tetragonal along with the chemical composition of particles from either S or Se excess to S/Se approximate equality. The factors to determine this phase-selective synthesis of AgGa(S1-xSex)2 nanocrystals could be probably attributed to the relatively weak reactivity of Ga3+ in the oleylamine-based reactive system and the metastable terminal possessed by AgGa(S1-xSex)2, which was proposed after investigating their nucleation mechanisms. Furthermore, the photocatalytic potential of the as-synthesized AgGa(S1−xSex)2 nanocrystals has been evaluated through degrading methyl violet under visible-light illumination. Benefiting from the optimized crystal phase and energy structure, AgGa(S0.7Se0.3)2 presents the optimal photocatalytic efficiency of 88.48%.