A minimal standardized human bone marrow microphysiological system to assess resident cell behavior during normal and pathological processes†
Bone marrow is a complex and dynamic microenvironment that provides essential cues to resident cells. We developed a standardized three-dimensional (3D) model to decipher mechanisms that control human cells during hematological and non-hematological processes. Our simple 3D-model is constituted of a biphasic calcium phosphate-based scaffold and human cell lines to ensure a high reproducibility. We obtained a minimal well-organized bone marrow-like structure in which various cell types and secreted extracellular matrix can be observed and characterized by in situ imaging or following viable cell retrieval. The complexity of the system can be increased and customized, with each cellular component being independently modulated according to the issue investigated. Introduction of pathological elements in this 3D-system accurately reproduced changes observed in patient bone marrow. Hence, we have developed a handy and flexible standardized microphysiological system that mimics human bone marrow, allowing histological analysis and functional assays on collected cells.