CuSCN as a hole transport layer in an inorganic solution-processed planar Sb2S3 solar cell, enabling carbon-based and semitransparent photovoltaics†
Sb2S3 is an emerging inorganic photovoltaic absorber material with attractive properties such as high absorption coefficient, stability, earth-abundance, non-toxicity, and low-temperature solution processability. Furthermore, with a bandgap of ca. 1.7 eV, it can also be used in semitransparent or tandem solar cell applications. Here, an inorganic wide-bandgap hole transport layer (HTL), copper thiocyanate (CuSCN), is used in an Sb2S3 solar cell employing a simple planar geometry. The compact and highly transparent CuSCN HTL was compatible with the low-cost, blade-coated carbon/Ag electrode and a semitransparent solar cell device. With Au and carbon/Ag electrodes, chemical bath deposited Sb2S3 solar cells achieved power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 1.75% and 1.95%, respectively. At the same time, a preliminary semitransparent Sb2S3 device with an ultrathin Au (∼15 nm) electrode showed a good average visible transmittance (AVT) of 26.7% at a PCE of 1.65%.