A dopant-free 2,7-dioctylbenzothieno[3,2-b]benzothiophene (C8-BTBT)-based hole transporting layer for highly stable perovskite solar cells with efficiency over 22%†
In this study, for the first time, n–i–p PSCs were fabricated using dopant-free 2,7-dioctylbenzothieno[3,2-b]benzothiophene (C8-BTBT) as the solution-processed hole transporting layer (HTL). The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the optimized device with the C8-BTBT film that favored edge-on molecular alignment was 22.45% with negligible hysteresis. A thinner dopant-free C8-BTBT HTL effectively protected the perovskite layer from moisture resulting in better shelf-life stability for un-encapsulated PSCs, which maintained >80% of its initial PCE (after a period of 120 days) at a relative humidity level of 40–45%. In addition, the C8-BTBT-based PSCs kept their high performance with no obvious PCE loss at 60 °C for 20 days in the ambient atmosphere and retained 82% of their initial PCE at 85 °C for 10 days. Overall, our findings revealed that a thin solution-processed C8-BTBT HTL plays a critical role not only in hole extraction and transport but also in greatly improving the ambient and thermal stability of n–i–p PSCs.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry A HOT Papers