Issue 2, 2022

A route to hierarchical assembly of colloidal diamond

Abstract

Photonic crystals, appealing for their ability to control light, are constructed from periodic regions of different dielectric constants. Yet, the structural holy grail in photonic materials, diamond, remains challenging to synthesize at the colloidal length scale. Here we explore new ways to assemble diamond using modified gyrobifastigial (mGBF) nanoparticles, a shape that resembles two anti-aligned triangular prisms. We investigate the parameter space that leads to the self-assembly of diamond, and we compare the likelihood of defects in diamond self-assembled via mGBF vs. the nanoparticle shape that is the current focus for assembling diamond, the truncated tetrahedra. We introduce a potential route for realizing mGBF particles by dimerizing triangular prisms using attractive patches, and we report the impact of this superstructure on the photonic properties.

Graphical abstract: A route to hierarchical assembly of colloidal diamond

Article information

Article type
Paper
Submitted
03 Oct 2021
Accepted
24 Nov 2021
First published
01 Dec 2021

Soft Matter, 2022,18, 304-311

A route to hierarchical assembly of colloidal diamond

Y. Zhou, R. K. Cersonsky and S. C. Glotzer, Soft Matter, 2022, 18, 304 DOI: 10.1039/D1SM01418H

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