Issue 38, 2022

A combined theoretical and experimental study of small anthracene–water clusters

Abstract

Water-cluster interactions with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of paramount interest in many chemical and biological processes. We report a study of anthracene monomers and dimers with water (up to four)-cluster systems utilizing molecular beam vacuum-UV photoionization mass spectrometry and density functional calculations. Structural loss in photoionization efficiency curves when adding water indicates that various isomers are generated, while theory indicates only a slight shift in energy in photoionization states of different isomers. Calculations reveal that the energetic tendency of water is to remain clustered and not to disperse around the PAH. Theoretically, we observe water confinement exclusively in the case of four water clusters and only when the anthracenes are in a cross configuration due to optimal OH⋯π interactions, indicating dependence on the size and structure of the PAH. Furthermore theory sheds light on the structural changes that occur in water upon ionization of anthracene, due to the optimal interactions of the resulting hole and water hydrogen atoms.

Graphical abstract: A combined theoretical and experimental study of small anthracene–water clusters

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
Paper
Submitted
09 Jun 2022
Accepted
06 Aug 2022
First published
08 Aug 2022

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2022,24, 23106-23118

A combined theoretical and experimental study of small anthracene–water clusters

E. Rossich Molina, B. Xu, O. Kostko, M. Ahmed and T. Stein, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2022, 24, 23106 DOI: 10.1039/D2CP02617A

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