Listeria monocytogenes utilizes the ClpP1/2 proteolytic machinery for fine-tuned substrate degradation at elevated temperatures†
Listeria monocytogenes exhibits two ClpP isoforms (ClpP1/ClpP2) which assemble into a heterooligomeric complex with enhanced proteolytic activity. Herein, we demonstrate that the formation of this complex depends on temperature and reaches a maximum ratio of about 1 : 1 at 30 °C, while almost no complex formation occurred below 4 °C. In order to decipher the role of the two isoforms at elevated temperatures, we constructed L. monocytogenes ClpP1, ClpP2 and ClpP1/2 knockout strains and analyzed their protein regulation in comparison to the wild type (WT) strain via whole proteome mass-spectrometry (MS) at 37 °C and 42 °C. While the ΔclpP1 strain only altered the expression of very few proteins, the ΔclpP2 and ΔclpP1/2 strains revealed the dysregulation of many proteins at both temperatures. These effects were corroborated by crosslinking co-immunoprecipitation MS analysis. Thus, while ClpP1 serves as a mere enhancer of protein degradation in the heterocomplex, ClpP2 is essential for ClpX binding and functions as a gatekeeper for substrate entry. Applying an integrated proteomic approach combining whole proteome and co-immunoprecipitation datasets, several putative ClpP2 substrates were identified in the context of different temperatures and discussed with regards to their function in cellular pathways such as the SOS response.